Updated: Mar 26
Similar to companies who publish reports in a certain format, Universities also have a preferred method. It's always recommended that you double-check with your lecturer that you are following the correct format. If you are ever unsure you can contact your lecturer for guidance or use specific university learning departments which are set up for this purpose.
An academic report presents and discusses the results of an experiment. Reports are usually organised in the following sections, clearly headed with larger size fonts. An academic
Introduction: opening statements, aims and objectives.
This should include an opening statement about your research, the aim should clearly indicate what you’re writing about, why you are writing this (is this research needed) and who this information is direct towards. Your objectives should indicate the steps you’re going to take to complete the aim.
This section covers how you conducted your research and what methods were used. Moreover, it includes the method for collecting data (e.g. survey, interview) and how the analysis was conducted.
Findings and Discussions
The findings section should only state the actual results, you can present this in different formats which helps with the presentation. Using clearly labelled graphs, charts and remember to always to reference anything you’ve taken from an external source.
When discussing your findings, you should interpret what they illustrate and compare with expectations and other research findings. You should also confirm whether your hypothesis is true or false in this section.
Conclusion and Recommendations
This section summarises the findings section and results of your hypothesis. You also make recommendations through the research you’ve conducted such as potential improvements and what future research could focus on.
Remember to follow university guidelines as different reference styles could be used (e.g. Harvard Reference Style) and list your sources in alphabetical order.
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